North of Yarra River, Melbourne
Flinders Street Station
St Paul's Cathedral
Facing Flinders Street Station, St Paul's Cathedral (Anglican) is on the site of an earlier parish church of 1850 (the pews from which have been preserved). The foundation stone of the present neo-Gothic church was laid in 1880. It has a richly decorated façade with pointed gables, bell towers and a massive tower over the crossing.
The re-planned City Square features a semicircular depression, fountains and a monument to Burke and Wills, who set out from Melbourne in 1860 on their unsuccessful attempt to cross Australia from south to north.
Swanston Street cuts across Collins Street.In Collins Street - Melbourne's best known street - there are many elegant old buildings. Among them, at the east end of the street, is the Melbourne Club, founded in 1839: the oldest institution in Victoria. Collins Street has a number of well-preserved neo-Gothic buildings, including Goode House, the Olderfleet Building, the South Australian Insurance Building and, at the west end, the luxury Menzies at Rialto Hotel, whose Victorian façade is in interesting contrast to the glass walls of the surrounding high-rise blocks, the most imposing of which is the 242m high Rialto Towers. An observation deck at the top (525 Collins Street) gives a bird's-eye view of Melbourne.
St James's Old Cathedral
At the corner of King Street and Batman Street is St James's Old Cathedral, a bluestone and sandstone building begun in 1839 which is one of Melbourne's oldest surviving buildings.
In William Street are the former Royal Mint and the Supreme Court and Law Courts, built between 1877 and 1884 (not, as originally planned, as a plain brick building but as an imposing sandstone edifice).
In Bourke Street is Myers' huge department store, the largest in the southern hemisphere. Farther east is the Bourke Street Mall, a pedestrian zone (though there are trams running through it - pedestrians must be careful).
General Post Office
In Chinatown in Choen Place is the Museum of Chinese Australian History which features the history of Chinese settlers in Australia.
Houses of Parliament
Construction of the Houses of Parliament began in 1856. The colonnaded building is the meeting place of the Victorian State Parliament. Until the move to Canberra in 1927 the building was occupied by the Australian Parliament. There are conducted visits when Parliament is not in session.The Parliament grounds feature a garden and fountains.
St Patrick's Cathedral
St Patrick's Cathedral (RC; 1858-68) is the largest church in Australia.The first Mass was celebrated on the site in February 1858 in a former partially completed church, some of which was incorporated into the south aisle of the present building.
The features of most interest on Latrobe Street, to the north, are mainly round the intersections with Swanston and Russell Streets.There is a fine view from the fire-watching tower, a protected building with a glass roof.
Melbourne Central Shopping Center
The imposing Melbourne Central shopping center is very popular.There are over 300 stores to choose from as well as a cinema, bowling and cafes.
In Melbourne's early days Flagstaff Gardens was the highest point in the settlement, with a signal station and a lookout from which a watch was kept for the arrival of ships. The creation of the independent state of Victoria was officially proclaimed from this hill.
Queen Victoria Market
Covering an area of 6ha, the Queen Victoria Market has been selling fruit and vegetables, clothes and handicrafts etc for more than 100 years.
Address: A'Beckett Street, Box 12415, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
Opening hours: 6am-2pm; Sun: 9am-4pm; Fri: 6am-5pm; Sat: 6am-3pm; Closed: Mon, Wed
Always closed on: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Anzac Day (Australian & New Zealand Army Corps) (Apr 25), Christmas - Christian (Dec 25), Day after Christmas, St Stephen's Day, Boxing Day (Dec 26), Good Friday - Christian
Old Melbourne Gaol (Jail)
The Old Melbourne Gaol (Jail) was built in 1841 and remained in use as a prison until 1929. It contains the gallows on which the notorious bushranger Ned Kelly was hanged in 1880.
Fitzroy Gardens and the neighboring Treasury Gardens were the earliest public gardens in Melbourne. The gardens were designed by James Sinclair, who had previously worked for the Tsar in St Petersburg; the paths are laid out in the pattern of the Union Jack. In Fitzroy Gardens are Captain Cook's Cottage (said to be his parents' cottage, brought here from Yorkshire in 1935), which contains an exhibition on the great navigator, and a model Tudor village.
Address: Wellington Parade, East Melbourne, VIC 3002, Australia
Melbourne Cricket Ground
The famous Melbourne Cricket Ground is where not only cricket is played but, from April to September, Australian football.
Opening hours: 10am-3pm
Always closed on: Christmas - Christian (Dec 25), Good Friday - Christian
Entrance fee in AUD: Family $45.00, Adult $15.00, Concession or reduced rate $11.00
Useful tips: Hours are for tours. Dates and times for games may vary. Tickets for games are available. Tours prices include admission into Australian Gallery of Sport and Olympic Museum.
Australian Gallery of Sport and Olympic Museum
A must for sports fans is the Australian Gallery of Sport and Olympic Museum with displays centering on cricket, football, tennis and the Olympics (especially Melbourne 1956 and Sydney 2000).
Treasury Gardens neighbors the Fitzroy Gardens. Along with Fitzroy Gardens, these were the earliest public gardens in the city. Treasury Gardens were designed by James Sinclair.
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