This massive mountain range traverses Greece from north to south, extending in a series of chains, for the most part over 2,000m/6,560ft, from Mts Grámmos (2,529m/8,298ft) and Smólikas (2,637m/8,652ft) on the Albanian frontier to Mts Vardoúsia (2,437m/7,996ft), Gióna (2,510m/8,235ft) and Parnassus (2,457m/8,061ft), near the Gulf of Corinth. This region of forest-covered heights, with summer grazings above the tree line, is thinly populated, much of its occupied only by shepherds, and with only two roads of any consequence passing through it - between Ioánnina and Kalambáka and between Karpenísi and Lamía. The Píndos range forms the watershed between the rivers flowing into the Ionian Sea (Thyámis, Ákheron, Árakhthos and Akhelóos) and those flowing into the Aegean (Piniós and Sperkhiós).
Kardítsa, founded during the Turkish period, is an agricultural market town in the Thessalian plain, below the east side of the Pindos range.Station on the branch railroad line from Fársala to Kalambáka.Kardítsa is the capital of the prefecture of the same name. It is built on the banks of a tributary of the Pinios. With its three main squares and lovely Pafsilipo Park, this new town is a model of town-planning. It has three museums - The Christian Museum devoted to religious art, and two interesting folk art museums.The Karaiskakia festival is held annually at the end of May.
The Smokovo Spa in Kardítsa is recommended for rheumatism, arthritis, disorders of respiratory tract, gynecological disorders, skin diseases. The method of treatment is bathing and inhalation.
15km/9mi northwest of Kardítsa is Fanári, with a Byzantine castle on a rocky crag.Fanári, or Fanario, is identified with the pre-Homeric fortified city "Klomakoessa Ithomi" and referred to by Strabo. Nearby are the ruins of ancient Greek walls and a Byzantine fortress at the summit.
In the hills, 10km/6mi west of Kardítsa, is Mitrópolis, with remains of Roman fortifications.