Cemetery Ridge, Gettysburg
Cemetery Ridge was the site of Union Lines for the final two days of battle.This was the setting of Pickett's Charge, where General Pickett hurled his cavalry, resulting in 82% casualties, a figure never equaled by any other Union regiment during the Civil War.As the 1st Minnesota battled Wilcox's Alabamians, General Hancock sped forward his Union troops from the northern part of the ridge. A brigade of New York troops arrived and immediately charged into Plum Run, driving back the exhausted southern troops.
High Water Mark
High Water Mark was a small grove located on the northern portion of Cemetery Ridge. On July 3, 1863 it was the site of vicious hand-to-hand combat during the bloody climax of Pickett's Charge.Colonel John Bachelder, the first government historian of the Gettysburg battlefield, deemed this area "High Water Mark of the Rebellion" and helped place the High Water Mark of the Rebellion Monument here in 1892. The monument lists the commands of both armies that participated in Pickett's Charge. This grouping of trees marked a Confederate crest of the battle and the war. After Gettysburg, Lee's Army of Northern Virginia would never reach such a high point again.
Little Round Top
Meade's Headquarters (the Leister House) along Taneytown Road was badly hit on the third day of battle, July 3, 1863. According to one eyewitness, around the house and yard lay at least 12 or 15 dead horses, shot down while aides and orderlies were delivering orders and messages to headquarters.
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