Damanhur Tourist Attractions
Damanhur, chief town of the Governorate of Buhayra, which extends from the Rosetta arm of the Nile to the Western (Libyan) Desert, lies on the Mahmudiya Canal at the west end of the Delta. It was the ancient Egyptian Behdet, later known as Time-en-Hor ("City of Horus"), from which its present name derives. In Roman times it was named Hermopolis Parva and was capital of the 15th nome of Lower Egypt.Damanhur is now an important railroad junction, with several cotton ginning plants. It is also the market town of the very fertile surrounding area and a major center of the rice trade. There are no remains of the ancient city.
El-Nebira - Naucratis
Some 13mi/21km southeast of Damanhur, near the village of El-Nebira on the left bank of the old Canopic arm of the Nile, are two mounds, the Kom el-Gief and the Kom el-Nikrash, with the scanty remains of the old Greek trading town of Naucratis. Founded in the time of the 26th Dynasty by Greek settlers from Miletus, it was granted the monopoly of trade with Greece in the reign of Amasis and became capital of the fifth (Saite) nome of Lower Egypt. Until the foundation of Alexandria it was the center of trade between Greece and Egypt, and was also noted for the manufacture of faience. Its temples were mostly dedicated to Greek divinities, but it also had shrines of Amun and Thoth.
Tod - Kom el-Hisn
14mi/22km farther south from Damanhur, near the village of Tod, is the Kom el-Hisn, a mound of rubble which marks the site of Imu, the "House of the Mistress of the Trees", which under the New Kingdom displaced Hutihit (the site of which has not yet been located) as capital of the third nome of Lower Egypt. Excavations here have brought to light the enclosure wall of a temple complex measuring 125yd/115m by 70yd/64m, probably dedicated to Sakhmet-Hathor, and several tombs of the Middle and New Kingdoms, notable for the number of weapons included in the grave goods.
Some 550yd/500m south of Kom el-Hisn is the Kom el-Dubbia, with a large necropolis ranging in date from the Middle Kingdom to the Ptolemaic period.
A few miles northeast of Tod is the Komel-Firin, which has remains of a temple built by Ramesses II.