Hill of Qurnet Murai, Cemetery of Deir el-Medina
The Hill of Qurnet Murai, which lies between the Deir el-Medina Valley and the cultivated land, is occupied by the huts of the local fellahin and crowned by the ruins of a brick built monastery. Most of the 18th Dynasty rock tombs in the slopes of the hill are of no interest.
Tomb of Huy
One tomb which is worth a visit, however, is No. 40, the Tomb of Huy (Amenhotep), Governor of Ethiopia (Nubia) in the reign of Tutankhamun.Entrance wall: to right, Huy being ceremonially installed as Governor in the presence of the King and receiving the congratulations of his relatives and officials; to the left, Huy and his relatives with two richly decorated Nile boats in front of them, and beyond this Huy as Governor, with five rows of people bringing tribute. Left hand end wall: the dead man making offeringsto the dog headed Anubis (left) and Osiris (right). Rear wall: the Governor, with the fan and crook which are the emblems of his dignity, and three rows of Nubian chiefs; behind him the tribute they have brought, including a Nubian landscape (in the center a conical hut, flanked by doum palms, giraffes and Negroes) standing on a table covered with panther skins and fabrics; above, bowls of precious stones, gold rings, sacks of gold dust, gilded shields covered with colored skins, chairs, ebony benches, a chariot, etc.; the Nubian chiefs, almost all dressed in the Egyptian fashion, being received by Huy and his brother Amenhotep. In the top row, behind the chiefs, is their Princess in an ox cart, shaded by a parasol; she is followed by chieftains wearing ostrich feathers in their plaited hair and by two Negresses with pendulous breasts, one with an infant on her back and both holding a small boy by the hand. In the second and third rows are Nubians bringing gold, panther skins, a giraffe and oxen; between the horns of the oxen are Negroes' heads, and on the tips of the horns are Negroes' hands, raised in an appeal for mercy. Farther left are five rows of ships (the bottom rows much damaged); in the second boat are five Negro Princes, in those in the lower rows cattle and other goods. On the other side, near the corner pillar, Huy is seen presenting to the King the tribute from Syria, in particular costly gold vases. The other scenes are almost completely destroyed. On the right hand end wall, to the right and left, offerings are being presented to Huy; the inscription which would have occupied the intervening space was never executed. The rest of the decoration is destroyed.
Tomb of Amenemonet
Below No. 40 are two tombs of the Ramessid period, Nos. 227 and 278. No. 227 is the Tomb of Amenemonet, a Priest, with funerary scenes (ships carrying the dead man's shrine; women mourners; statues of Amenophis III and Queen Tiy being conveyed to the tomb on sledges; a tomb topped by a pyramid, with a large stela in front, against the background of the desert cliffs). No. 278, the Tomb of Amenomheb, is decorated with religious scenes (the Hathor cow emerging from the hill, etc.); the ceiling has spiral patterns following Cretan models.