14 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Death Valley
Despite the forbidding name, Death Valley is a beautiful area of unique desert wonders. Sand dunes, salt flats, mountains, craters, and the lowest lake in North America make for some of the most spectacular and dramatic scenery in the Southwest. The valley, protected as a national park, covers 3,000 square miles and is known for being the hottest, driest, and lowest point in North America. Roadside lookouts offer stunning panoramas, and hiking trails allow easy access to the terrain.
The main service center in the park is the centrally located Furnace Creek, with the park visitor center, as well as campgrounds, restaurants, a store, gas station, and the Furnace Creek Resort. On the west side of the park, is Panamint Springs, with a restaurant, gas station, and some limited accommodation. This is a convenient stop if you are entering the park from the west side and a good lunch option if you are visiting Father Crowley Point and Darwin Falls, the two main attractions on this side of the valley.
Driving through Death Valley National Park
Most visitors are coming from either California, entering from the west off highway 395 onto highway 190, through Panamint Springs, or from Las Vegas, where there are a couple of routing options. You can easily visit Death Valley on a Day Trip from Las Vegas. The best way to do this is to head out on highway 160 (leaving from the south end of Las Vegas) to Death Valley Junction, where the road becomes highway 190, entering the park. This road runs past the turnoff for Dante's View, Twenty Mule Canyon, and Zabriskie Point, and on to Furnace Creek with a park visitor center and some amenities.
From Furnace Creek, you can head south to Badwater, passing the pullouts for Desolation Canyon, Artist's Drive (Artist's Palette), Devil's Golf Course, and Natural Bridge. When you have visited Badwater, backtrack via Furnace Creek and beyond to the Harmony Borax Interpretive Trail, Mustard Canyon, and the Sand Dunes near Stovepipe Wells. If you started early in the day and still have plenty of time, you may want to continue on. It's a little over a half-hour to Panamint Springs and another 20 minutes to Father Crowley Point. After this, you can turn around and head back to Stovepipe Wells, and beyond to Scotty's Castle Road, and head out of the park on the Daylight Pass Road (374) that leads to Beatty. Before getting to Beatty, stop at the Rhyolite ghost town to see the ruins of this old mining town and some unique art installations. From Beatty take Highway 95 back to Las Vegas.
If you have time for a second day in Death Valley, you can spend the night in the park or in Beatty. With two days, you'll be able to add on a visit to the Race Track and a few more stops for hiking and sightseeing.
Tours of Death Valley
If you don't want to be bothered navigating your way through the park, the Death Valley Day Trip from Las Vegas is an organized full-day tour that takes you to a number of the main attractions and gives a good general overview of the park. This trip includes pickup and drop-off from your hotel, breakfast, lunch, transportation, and a guide.
1 Sand Dunes near Stovepipe Wells
One of the most beautiful sites and most photographed landscapes in Death Valley is the Mesquite Flat Sand Dunes, just east of Stovepipe Wells. In the morning and late afternoon, when the sun hits the sculpted dunes, creating long curving shadows, the views are fantastic. Mountains rise up on the horizon providing the perfect backdrop. For photographers, it's pure magic.
You can walk out into the dunes, climb to the highest points, or set up a lawn chair and soak up the desert scenery. On busy days in the spring, there is rarely a dune without a person climbing up or running down, but on quiet days, particularly in January or February, you will likely have the dunes all to yourself. If you arrive at the dunes after a windy spell, they will be untracked.
2 Badwater Basin
At the south end of Death Valley National Park, Badwater Basin is the lowest point of land in the western hemisphere, at 277 feet below sea level. Needless to say, this area is very hot, even in the winter.
Badwater Lake is a shallow lake surrounded by mountains and rimmed with salt, but you may not always see water here. Depending on the conditions or the time of year, Badwater may be quite full or have very little water. In either case, the area is interesting and there are a number of things to do. When there is almost no visible water from the shore, you can walk out, seemingly endlessly, across the white salt flat. When there is water, and if the air is still, which it often is in the morning and early evening, the mountains across the valley reflect in the water, and the scene is stunning. This can be a wonderful area for photography. If there is enough water, it's even possible to paddle out on the lake.
3 The Race Track
With a four-wheel-drive vehicle, you can take a rugged road that leads to one of Death Valley's most mysterious sights, known as The Race Track. This area is a huge dried mud bed, where stones of various sizes can be seen with long tracks trailing behind them, as if they have been pushed through the mud. There has been much speculation over the years about how the stones were moved. Many thought the stones were pushed along by the wind after rains. However, more recently, with the help of time-lapse photography, it is thought that the stones are actually moved by floating ice pushing the rocks. Regardless of the method, the result is a most interesting sight.
4 Zabriskie Point
Zabriskie Point looks out over a surreal landscape of undulating, hard-packed ridges of gold, orange, and brown earth. From the lookout there are views out over this unique formation and beyond to the valley behind and the Panamint Mountains in the distance. The colors are particularly spectacular in the morning or late afternoon.
A 7.8-mile hiking trail leads out from Zabriskie point, but if you want to get out on the ridges and immerse yourself in the scenery without undertaking a long hike, just wander out a short distance and return on the same track.
You can reach Zabriskie Point by heading east from Furnace Creek on highway 190 for four miles. If you are coming into the park from Las Vegas on the route described above, this is one of the stops on your way to Furnace Creek.
5 Dantes View
Dante's View offers one of the best overall perspectives of Death Valley. The view from the top looks out over the valley floor, as far as the eye can see, and across to the mountains that line the far side of the valley.
This lookout is a little out of the way but worth the effort. From Zabriskie Point head east on highway 190 to the sign-posted turn for Dante's View. From the highway, it is a 16-mile drive along a twisty, paved road to the top, which stands at 5,478 feet above sea level. The temperature up here is much cooler than the valley floor, which can be a refreshing treat on hot days. Vehicles on this road must be less than 25 feet in length.
6 Artist's Drive and Artist's Palette
Artist's Palette is an area located along Artist's Drive, a short scenic road that takes you up close to a section of the Black Mountains. The Artist's Palette is a colorful section of hillside, with colors that range from orange, pink, and brown to green and turquoise, created by metals in the rock. Artist's Drive is a one-way, nine-mile paved loop, accessible to vehicles under 25 feet in length. This is a worthwhile side trip on the way from Furnace Creek to Badwater, located right off Badwater Road. If possible, try to do this drive in the late afternoon, when the colors are at their best.
7 Devil's Golf Course and Artist's Drive
Devil's Golf Course is a flat expanse of sharp salt crystals that form a huge field of jagged salt boulders. Located south of Furnace Creek, just off the main road heading towards Badwater (Badwater Road) this is an easy stop. From the parking area, you can walk right out onto the field, if you choose. It may seem like there isn't much to see here, but the vastness, solitude, and quietness, along with the unusual sight, creates a unique experience.
8 Harmony Borax Works and the Sand Dunes near Stove Pipe Wells
Aaron Winters found borax in Death Valley in 1881. He soon sold his claims to William T. Coleman, builder of the Harmony Borax Works, where borate-bearing muds were refined until 1888. The site of the former operation is located just north of Furnace Creek. You can wander around the crumbling adobe walls and see the old broiler and some of the vats. Also located here are wagons once used for transporting goods out of the valley. Closed in 1888, this was the first successful borax works in the history of borax mining in Death Valley.
9 Twenty Mule Team Canyon
Twenty Mule Team Canyon is a 2.7-mile one-way dirt road that runs through some fantastic scenery. The road is bounded in some areas by rock walls on either side, barren flats, and colorful hills, similar to those found just down the road at Zabriskie Point. The terrain here is different from other parts of the park and reveals the ruggedness of the region. During the borax days, twenty mule teams were used to haul the borax-filled wagons out of Death Valley, and this road offers some perspective on the type of landscape these vehicles were forced to contend with in the 1880s. However, there is no indication that this specific route was used in this fashion.
10 Father Crowley Point
Father Crowley Point is a high lookout on the west side of the park that offers a different perspective than viewing areas on the busier east side of the park. If you are entering Death Valley from the west, Father Crowley Point should be your first stop before the long descent towards Panamint Springs. There are two parking areas: one right at the overlook and another further back, closer to the highway. The first parking lot is easily accessed right off the main highway, and many people choose to walk the short distance out to the lookout point. The road to the lookout is not paved, quite bumpy, and may require high clearance.
11 Ubehebe Crater
The Ubehebe Crater measures about a half-mile wide and 400 feet deep, and it is the only crater in the area that resulted from a volcanic explosion. It is located at the north end of Death Valley, in the general vicinity of Scotty's Castle. The landscape here is different from other areas of the park. The ground is dark, with lava flows and cinders. If you are feeling up for a walk, trails lead down into the crater.
12 Rhyolite Ghost Town
Rhyolite is an abandoned mining town, with remnants of its glory days visible in the crumbling and decaying old buildings. One of the highlights of this ghost town is a unique art installation of ghostly figures erected on the edge of the town. One large piece, standing before a vast expanse of desert, displays ghosts arranged in the form of The Last Supper. Other smaller pieces, including a ghost with a bicycle, are also found in the vicinity.
Rhyolite is a good stop on your way out of the park. It is located off Daylight Pass Road (highway 374) just outside the park boundary, on the way to Beatty.
13 Natural Bridge
Natural Bridge is, as the name suggests, a large natural bridge set in a canyon, not far from Badwater. An easy two-mile round-trip hike leads to the end of the canyon, but if you only want to see the bridge, it is located about half a mile from the parking area. In the midday heat, this can still feel like quite a journey, and it may be something you want to tackle earlier in the day. The parking area is located 1.5 miles along a dirt road off the Badwater Road.
14 Spring Wildflowers
One of the park's biggest attractions is the spring wildflower bloom, which usually peaks in March. Depending on the year, the conditions, and the extent of the bloom, this event can draw thousands of people to the park. On weekends during the bloom, it's not uncommon to see people pulled off to the side of the road all over the park, picnicking on the bare ground, meditating among the flowers, or walking through the fields. To anyone unfamiliar with deserts, it might seem amazing that anything can grow in these hot dry conditions.
One of the best places to see this beautiful display is in the south part of the park around Badwater and up towards Furnace Creek, where a carpet of yellow spreads across the valley floor. Areas further north also see a good display of flowers, usually with a mix of colors that range from white and yellow to orange and purple. The park visitor center can point you in the right direction and offer information on what is blooming while you are in the park.