Pelotas Tourist Attractions
Situation and CharacteristicsThe river port of Pelotas, 59km/36mi north-west of Rio Grande and 271km/168mi south-west of Porto Alegre, lies near the south end of the Lagoa dos Patos on the Canal de São Gonçalo, which links the lagoon with Lake Mirim. The earliest dried meat industry in the Gaúcho country developed in Pelotas. The town was founded in 1812 in an area where cattle-farmers from Aracati (Ceará) began to produce charque (air-dried beef). Thanks to conditions in north-eastern Brazil which favored the economy of the south - a long period of drought which decimated the stocks of cattle and a crisis in the production of dried meat in the Rio de la Plata region resulting from the rebellion against Spanish rule from 1810 onwards - the producers of charque in the Pelotas area gained a monopoly of the market, bringing prosperity to the town. Pelotas is now one of the leading industrial centers in Rio Grande do Sul.Bus stationAvenida João Goulart
Museu da Baronesa
Museu da BaronesaIn the Areal district (10 minutes from the town center) is the Museu Municipal Parque da Baronesa, or Museu da Baronesa. It is housed in the Solar da Baronesa, a palatial mansion which combines neo-classical features with elements of the Brazilian colonial style. The museum contains furniture which belonged to the original owner, Barão de Tràs Serros, porcelain, fans and costumes worn by noble ladies of the 19th century. Round the house is a 7 hectare/17 acre park which makes the museum one of the most attractive sights in Pelotas.
Museum of Art
Museum of ArtIn Rua Marechal Deodoro, to the west of the Cathedral, is the Museu de Arte Leopoldo Gotuzzo of Pelotas University. Its 600 exhibits include pictures, sculpture and drawings by Leopoldo Gotuzzo, together with mementoes and documents relating to the artist. The museum also has a collection of European paintings, sculpture by Antonio Carengi and studies by Aldo Locatelli.
Cascata do Arco-Iris
Cascata do Arco-Iris60km/37mi north-west of Pelotas on the road to Santa Maria is the Cascata do Arco-Iris ("Rainbow Falls"), in a wooded area containing numerous ruins. Nearby is a mill of the colonial period.
Bacchini - Quilombo Dam
Quilombo Dam60km/37mi from Pelotas, at Bacchini, is the Barragem de Quilombo, with a waterfall and an expanse of forest.
CathedralThe Cathedral of São Francisco de Paula (1832) contains a number of paintings by Aldo Locatelli.
Santa Bárbara Dam
Santa Bárbara Dam7km/4.5mi from the town on BR 116 is the Barragem de Santa Bárbara (Santa Bárbara Dam).