Sacred Family Barcelona - Sagrada Família
The Sagrada Família church (its official name being "Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família", the Holy Family Church of the Atonement), is the most famous sight in Barcelona and also one of Europe's most unconventional churches. Dominating its surroundings, it stands in the northern part of the city.When Antoni Gaudí was put in charge of constructing the church in 1883 plans had already been drawn up and some work done on building the crypt of what was to be a purely Neo-Gothic church.
Sacred Family Map
Official site: www.sagradafamilia.cat/
Address: Carrer de Mallorca 401, E-08013 Barcelona, Spain
Opening hours: Mar 1 to Sep 30: 9am-8pm
Oct 1 to Feb 28: 9am-6pm
Oct 1 to Feb 28: 9am-6pm
Always closed on: Epiphany (3 Kings' Day ) - Christian (Jan 6), New Year's Day (Jan 1), Christmas - Christian (Dec 25), Day after Christmas, St Stephen's Day, Boxing Day (Dec 26)
Entrance fee in EUR: Adult €8.00, Students €5.00, Group discounts €5.00
Useful tips: Closed in the afternoon on December 25th, 26th and January 1st and 6th.
Disability Access: Full facilities for persons with disabilities.
Guides: Guided tour available as optional extra.
Facilities: Gift shop
Transit: Metro: Sagrada Familia; Bus: 19, 34, 43, 50, 51, 54.
Sacred Family Highlights
Sagrada Familia View
The towers of the right side doorway (Nativity Doorway) can be climbed, but the open, narrow winding staircase makes it a rather unattractive proposition for anybody prone to giddiness. Nearby is an ancient lift; it is worthwhile going up in this to enjoy the fantastic view over the city and of the helm roofs of the towers, clad in colorful majolica, reminiscent of bishops' mitres.
Museum of the Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family
The museum contains the sketches and photographs illustrating Gaudí buildings and of the ancient ones on which they are modeled. In separate departments can be seen plaster mock-ups of the sculptured decoration; there is also a large, partially restored model of the church which was shown in Paris in 1910. The studies covering the window and facade designs clearly illustrate the principle of "diagonal supports" which Gaudí wished to see replace the Gothic buttress. Also of interest is a wire model illustrating structural engineering principles; Gaudí hung weights on an inverted wire framework to represent the anticipated stresses and strains, thus showing clearly the static base structure. To understand it fully you have to imagine the picture turned through 180 degrees. At the end of the crypt is a large photographic reproduction of the Passion Facade; to its right is the iconography, in the Catalan dialect, of the individual motifs. There is also a multi-vision show, and in one of the side rooms a model cut in half to show the nave and side aisles.
Sagrada Familia Church
The first doorway, the west or Passion Doorway, has been added to in recent years. There is a striking difference in styles between the sculpture forms (by José Maria Subirach) used here and the other decoration influenced by Gaudí. Note the portrayal of Christ wearing a veil; it is in bas-relief and produces the optical illusion that the head is moving closer to the observer.Through the entrance stands the large plaster model of the church (scale 1:25), showing the Passion Facade; here too are a number of water-colors of the other fronts and doorways.The broad interior is still a building site with several rotary cranes; pre-fabricated building sections give a close-up idea of the form it will take. Where the transepts and apse meet stands the altar protected by a canopy, under which lies the main crypt (where Antoni Gaudí was interred in 1926; normally closed).
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