Salzburg and surroundings occupy the northern arm of the province, bordered by Germany and Upper Austria. The provincial capital, the city of Salzburg is the focal point of the region but there are many interesting areas to explore around the plateau. The Lake District occupies the northernmost portion of the area and offer a wide range of relaxation and recreational opportunities. Along the eastern border there are some smaller mountains to explore while the central area of the region is littered with small towns with historical and scenic qualities.
Western Surroundings of Salzburg
To the west of Salzburg, some 3km/2mi from the town center, stretches the district known as Maxglan, with an interesting Late Gothic church. Farther southwest lies Salzburg Airport.
3km/2mi northwest of the Maxglan district of Salzburg stands Schloss Klessheim, a Baroque palace built in 1700-09 to the design of J. B. Fischer von Erlach for Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun; the interior was not completed until 1732. The Kavalierhaus in the park was built in 1880 and there is also a golf course and a swimming pool.
Dürrnberg - Salt Mine
The Salt Mine at Dürrnberg, south of Hallein, can be reached by cableway in a few minutes or on foot in an hour. The conducted tour (summer only) takes 1.5 hours, during which visitors toboggan down on polished tree trunks, see huge underground salt chambers, cross a salt lake on rafts and finally travel on miners' trucks through long galleries to the exit.
Dürrnberg - Mining Museum
In a former brine room near the Salt Mine at Dürrnberg there is now a Mining Museum, displaying tools and equipment, minerals, maps and descriptions of the mines.
Hallein - Celtic Open Air Museum
In the Mining Museum in Hallein can be seen a reconstructed Celtic farmstead (buildings and tools and equipment used by the Celts), and a burial chamber built on the lines of one found in Dürrnberg.
Golling Falls and the Lammerofen Gorge
Hallein - Golling Falls
From Golling a pretty road leads eastwards through the beautiful Lammertal to Abtenau, a summer and winter resort in the Tennengebirge.
The Apiculture Museum in the resort town of Abtenau has information on bee-keeping and the making of honey.
Halfway between Golling and Abtenau a footpath goes off to the Lammeröfen, a narrow gorge hewn by the Lammer through the mountains (narrow footpath).
Tennengebirge - Walks
Abtenau (715m/2,346ft; parish church) is a good base for walks and climbs in the Tennengebirge: e.g. (seven hours, with guide) by way of the Laufener Hütte (1,726m/5,663ft) to the Bleikogel (2,412m/7,914ft). There is a chairlift from Abtenau to the Karkogel (1,200m/3,940ft).
To the west of the Hohensalzburg fortress in Salzburg extends the Mönchsberg, a ridge almost 2km/1.75mi long, covered with deciduous forest and rising to some 60m/200ft above the old town, with fortifications dating from the 15th-17th C. The shady paths through the trees lead to a number of fine viewpoints. On the northeastern side of the hill will be found the Bürgerwehrsöller (Naturfreundehaus, "Friends of Nature House"), a terrace from which there is a fine view of St Peter's and the Cathedral. Above Neumayrplatz is the Cafe Wïnkler, from the terrace there is a magnificent view of the whole of Salzburg. On the southern side of the hill, reached from the Schartentor (gate, 1635) via the Oskar-Kokoschka-Weg, rises the Richterhöhe (508m/1,667ft), with towers belonging to the old fortifications and a monument to the geographer Eduard Richter (1847-1905); there is a superb panoramic view of the surrounding hills. To the north of the Cafe Winkler, above the Klausentor, lies the Humboldtterrasse, a rock platform which also affords panoramic views.
From the Humboldtterrasse on the Mönchsberg in Salzburg you pass down through the Monikapforte (1623), another relic of the old fortifications, into the district of Mülln, with an old Augustinian monastery which was taken over by Benedictines in 1835. The church (consecrated 1453), standing on higher ground, has an Early Baroque interior. The Bräustübl of the abbey has large rooms and a beautiful garden.
Bergheim is the first village outside the Salzburg city limits. The Basilica of Maria Plain sits on a hill overlooking the village. New and old mix in this village, with quaint quarters as well as modern facilities, including popular sports facilities. Bergheim boasts one of Austria's largest tennis camps, with 24 courts and seven squash courts. Other sports activities offered here include horseback riding, mountain-biking, swimming and hiking.
The community of Wals-Siezenheim is made up of nine villages, all within 6kms from the Salzburg city center. The community extends along the Saalach river to the German border. The beautiful Klessheim Palace is part of the community, along with the palace golf course and tennis courts which are open to the public. There are also great fishing opportunities, as well as plenty of trails for walking, hiking or even horseback and bicycle riding.
Groding lies at the foot of Untersberg and includes the villages of St Leonhard, Gartenau, Eichet, Glanegg and Fürstenbrunn. You can board a cable car here and go to the top of Untersberg, although plan to spend the whole day at the peak to enjoy the majestic view.For the less daring sports enthusiasts, there is horse-back and bicycle riding, hiking, tennis and swimming.
The town is divided in two by the German border. On the Austrian side is a large heritage park which depicts the rural way of life. Original farmhouses and century-old buildings were moved here form other parts of Salzburg to form an outdoor museum. Nearby is Untersberg natural park, with picnic sites, walking and hiking trails and even rural inns for food and relaxation.
Hallwang is located just northeast of Salzburg. The village is named after the rolling hills, and was documented as far back as the year 1000. This is a perfect getaway from the big city, with eight nearby lakes, and numerous valleys and parks for refreshing swims, or even just picnics, after a full day of sightseeing.
To the south of Kajetanerplatz in Salzburg rises the Nonnberg (455m/1,493ft), the eastern outlier of the hill occupied by the Hohensalzburg, which can be reached by way of the Nonnbergstiege.
On Salzburg's Nonnberg stands the Stift Nonnberg, a Benedictine nunnery founded by St Rupert about 700 - the oldest surviving nunnery in German-speaking territory. The convent museum contains some important art treasures, and there are magnificent views from the bastion. The Late Gothic convent church was built between 1463-99 on the walls of an earlier Romanesque basilica destroyed by fire in 1423, of which the doorway and frescos below the choir depicting "Paradise" have survived; the central window in the main apse behind the carved high altar (c. 1515) has stained glass of 1480 by the Strasbourg artist Peter Hemmel von Andlau. In the crypt (1463), with its richly carved fan vaulting, can be seen the rock cut tomb of St Erentrudis.
St Erhard's Church
Below the southern side of the Nonnberg stands the Erhardkirche (St Erhard's Church, 1685-89), a twin-towered building with a marble portico, and the parish church of the Nonntal district. The painting above the high altar, by Johann Michael Rottmayr, shows the baptism of St Ottilie.
The Tennengebirge, an extension of the northern Alpine chain, is a range lying to the north of the western end of the Niedere Tauern, containing many caves, especially those formed in the ice, and large sink holes. The Tennengebirge was originally part of the same massif as the neighboring Hagengebirge to the west, but in the course of time the River Salzach carved a passage between the two - the gloomy defile now known as the Lueg pass.
Raucheck and Bleikogel
On the eastern edge of the great desolate plateau in the Tennengebirge, varied by rounded heights and broad depressions, stands the Laufener Hütte (1,726m/5,663ft), and there are other mountain huts on the steep southern face of the range, with its highest peaks, the Raucheck (2,431m/7,976ft) and the Bleikogel (2,412m/7,914ft).
Alps Rail Run
This circular route features an excellent view of the Alps and a brief stop in Vienna.
Scenic Rail Trip
This scenic rail trip features a long climb to the top of the Schafberg, with its glorious views, and an 8km stretch along the beautiful Lake Wolfgang.
Villach-Salzburg - Scenic Rail Trip
This day-trip features a beautiful view of the mountains.
Map of Salzburg Attractions